Pros and Cons of using Cannabis in mental health

As of my last update in September 2021, cannabis has been a subject of ongoing research and debate in relation to mental health. It’s essential to note that new findings and changes in legislation might have occurred after my last update. Here are some pros and cons of using cannabis in mental health based on the information available up to that time:


  1. Pain Management: Cannabis has been used for pain relief, and it may help alleviate symptoms of certain mental health conditions that involve chronic pain, such as fibromyalgia.
  2. Anxiety and PTSD: Some individuals report that cannabis can temporarily reduce symptoms of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, its long-term efficacy and safety for these conditions remain unclear.
  3. Appetite Stimulation: For certain mental health conditions or treatments that lead to reduced appetite, such as cancer or HIV, cannabis may help increase appetite.
  4. Neuroprotective Properties: Some studies suggest that certain compounds in cannabis may have neuroprotective effects, which could be beneficial in certain neurodegenerative conditions. However, this area of research is still in its early stages.


  1. Psychosis and Schizophrenia: There is strong evidence linking cannabis use, especially heavy and frequent use, to an increased risk of developing psychosis and schizophrenia in vulnerable individuals, particularly during adolescence.
  2. Depression and Bipolar Disorder: While some individuals report positive effects, others may experience worsening symptoms of depression or bipolar disorder with cannabis use. The drug’s impact on mood regulation remains complex and varies from person to person.
  3. Addiction Potential: Cannabis can be habit-forming, and some individuals may develop cannabis use disorder or addiction, especially when using it frequently and in high doses.
  4. Cognitive Impairment: Heavy and long-term cannabis use, especially during adolescence, has been associated with cognitive deficits and may negatively impact memory, attention, and learning.
  5. Interference with Medications: Cannabis can interact with certain medications, including those used to treat mental health conditions. It’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before using cannabis alongside prescribed medications.
  6. Lack of Regulation: The quality and potency of cannabis products can vary significantly due to the lack of standardization and regulation in many regions. This makes it challenging for users to know what they are consuming and to dose it accurately.
  7. Legal and Social Implications: In many places, cannabis use remains illegal, and even where it is legal, there may be social stigma associated with its use, leading to potential legal consequences or social isolation.

It’s important to emphasize that individual responses to cannabis can vary widely, and the effects may differ based on factors such as dosage, frequency of use, age of initiation, and underlying mental health conditions. If considering cannabis as a treatment option for mental health issues, it’s crucial to seek guidance from qualified healthcare professionals and to weigh the potential risks and benefits carefully. Additionally, staying updated with the latest research and laws surrounding cannabis is essential, as the landscape is continually evolving.

Author: admin